SC: (843) 822-1315 GA: (770) 721-(MYK9)

K9 Diet and Nutrition

What are you feeding your dog?

You are what you eat.  This is true regardless of species; human or dog.  Feeding your K9 poor quality dog foods can be directly related to:

1. Gastrointestinal problems

2. Hot spots and other skin problems

3. Ear infections such as chronic yeast

Human Grade Vs. Feed Grade

Basic Guidelines

  • Human grade ingredients are those that meet standards for human consumption and undergo stringent testing protocol to ensure quality and the absence of anything not fit for human consumption.
  • Feed grade ingredients are those deemed not fit for human consumption.  They include expired, moldy, and defective products.

Reading the Dog Food Labels

1. Dog food manufacturers are required to list all of the ingredients in their foods.  Each ingredient must be listed in order from highest to lowest by weight.

2. Some commercial manufacturers bypass the above standard to cover up less desirable elements.  An example would be when a reader  groups all of the wheat components together and they become substantially more than the meat product, such as lamb. Now the wheat becomes the primary ingredient.

3. Good protein sources are:Orijen six fish

  • Chicken
  • Salmon
  • Beef
  • Turkey
  • Venison
  • Duck
  • Lamb

 

1. Bad sources of protein are:

  • Unspecified by-products
  • Unspecified meat and bone meal
  • Fish digest
  • Animal digest

Animal digest is a cooked down broth that might be from unspecified parts of unspecified animals.  These creatures can be collected from almost any source and there are no quality controls in place. Dead, dying, diseased, and disabled, (known as 4-D) protein sources that are banned in human food can legally used in dog food. Unspecified by-products often times are an element of a larger product; e.g.  waste elements such as hair, feathers, feet, claws, beaks, etc.   These byproducts are not part of a healthy diet. **Meat byproducts such as the heart and liver are perfectly acceptable byproducts Dry blood meal is an inexpensive source of poor quality protein in some foods and it is completely indigestible.

 

Preservatives and Ingredients

For the most part, pet foods are overcooked and their nutritional value is often compromised.  Things have to be added back in to the mix to make it more palatable.  These ingredients are fall under the GRAS guidelines, (Generally Recognized as Safe).  This does not necessarily mean they are good for your dog.

1. Good Preservatives

  • Tocopherols (Vitamin C and E)
  • Rosemary
  • Sage
  • Ascorbyl Palmitate

1. Bad Preservatives and ingredients

  • BHT- Used to retard spoilage.  Some research has linked BHT to immune deficiency syndrome, spleen, stomach, and liver cancer, chronic diarrhea, liver and kidney damage.
  • Ethoxyquin- A known carcinogen that some studies have shown creates numerous other major health issues.
  • Artificial coloring
  • BHA- Some studies have shown this to be harmful to kidneys.
  • Corn syrup- This is pure sugar and can create picky eaters.
  • Mono sodium glutamate (MSG)- Used to disguise inferior food quality
  • Propyl Gallate- Spoilage retardant
  • Sodium nitrate- A possible carcinogenic preservative for red coloring
  • Sodium lauryl sulfate- A caustic detergent
  • Parabens

Carbohydrates

Good Carbs

1. Whole grains
2. Oats
3. Barley
4. Rye
5. Quinoa

Bad Carbs

1. Corn gluten meal

Good fruits and vegetables for your K9

  • Apples
  • Avocados
  • Bananas
  • Blueberries
  • Broccoli
  • Cantaloupe
  • Carrots
  • Green beans
  • Papayas

Georgia K9 National Training Center is committed to K9 health.  We believe that there are three levels to proper health and they are all interconnected:

1. Physical
2. Environmental
3. Psychological

The means to this end starts with a good diet.  Without a properly functioning body working at peak capacity, our dogs can never truly reach their full potential.  We recommend to all of our clients to choose a body healthy diet for your K9. Yes, good dog food costs more than the average grocery store variety, but large vet bills due to food related problems or illness generally cost lots more. On the same note, quality foods are generally thoroughly digested, translating to less waste and feeding less with each meal.  There are quite a few excellent dog food products available at most pet stores and at your local Animal Clinic.  Here at Georgia K9, we use and stock two of them.   It is important to understand that the two foods we use are not the “be all, end all” of the dog food world.  They are simply foods that fit our K9‘s lifestyles.  We recommend that our clients always seek out professional veterinarian advice for the specific needs of their own dogs. As the majority of our personal dogs are working K9’s with incredibly active lifestyles, we have found the following foods to work best for them:

  • Orijen and Acana Diets
  • Canine Caviar (Grain Free)
  • NutriSource Grain Free diets
  • Pure Vita Grain Free Diets
  • Biologically Appropriate raw diets

We stock Orijen , Acana and Honest Kitchen in 30 LB bags for our customers. However, for those out of the area, repeat purchases might be best through one of our affiliate pet professionals in their particular neighborhoods. Please ask for a referral.

For those of you who prefer raw diets, we stock:

  • Blue Ridge Beef Raw Foods
  • Honest Kitchen
  • Nupro

We are also proud to feature Omega QD, the absolute best Omega fish oil supplement on the market.  Ask a Georgia K9 Trainer for a custom designed diet for your dog.

Another GAK9 Hound Find

k9_deja_working-300x300Another GAK9 Hound find…they are coming every day! Great work Mike Mason and Deja from San Bernardino County Sheriff’s Dept.

Critical Missing 14-01985 7400 Cherry Ave (US Bank) 1336 hrs
Officers responded to the US Bank regarding a reported critical missing. RP XXXX reported that her mother XXXX (DOB: 040444) had walked away from the RP’s parked vehicle. XXXX suffers from advanced Alzheimer’s. An extensive area search was conducted by officers to include the use of Red Hawk 1, Detective personnel and an SBSO Bloodhound team. The Bloodhound team (Dep. Mason and K-9 “Deja”) tracked the critical missing throughout the Village of Heritage. Det. Goltara along with patrol officers searched the area on foot with the K-9 Team. The track concentrated in the northeastern portion of the village.

Prior to establishing a Command Post, K-9 “Deja” tracked the critical missing further east in the village and subsequently across Cherry, to the walking path between commercial warehouses. The critical missing was unharmed and in apparent good health. Com Center responded to check XXXX as a precautionary measure. XXXX was reunited with her daughter and removed from MUPS. Great job by everyone involved!
Team 1, Det’s, Red Hawk 1, SBSO K-9

Related Articles….

Bloodhound Deja helps deputies
Rancho’s New Bloodhound K9 Unit

Canine Influenza: Pet Owners’ Guide

Canine influenza (CI, or dog flu) in the U.S. is caused by the canine influenza virus (CIV), an influenza A virus. It is highly contagious and easily spread from infected dogs to other dogs through direct contact, nasal secretions (through coughing and sneezing), contaminated objects (kennel surfaces, food and water bowls, collars and leashes), and by people moving between infected and uninfected dogs. Dogs of any breed, age, sex or health status are at risk of infection when exposed to the virus.

Unlike seasonal flu in people, canine influenza can occur year round. So far, there is no evidence that canine influenza infects people. However, it does appear that at least some strains of the disease can infect cats.

Canine influenza symptoms and diagnosis

Greyhound resting on a blanket CIV infection resembles canine infectious tracheobronchitis (“kennel cough”). The illness may be mild or severe, and infected dogs develop a persistent cough and may develop a thick nasal discharge and fever. Other signs can include lethargy, eye discharge, reduced appetite, and low-grade fever. Most dogs recover within 2-3 weeks. However, secondary bacterial infections can develop, and may cause more severe illness and pneumonia. Anyone with concerns about their pet’s health, or whose pet is showing signs of canine influenza, should contact their veterinarian.

CIV can be diagnosed early in the illness (less than 4 days) by testing a nasal or throat swab. The most accurate test for CIV infection is a blood test that requires a sample taken during the first week of illness, followed by a second sample 10-14 days later.

Transmission and prevention of canine influenza

Dogs are most contagious during the two- to four-day incubation period for the virus, when they are infected and shedding the virus in their nasal secretions but are not showing signs of illness. Almost all dogs exposed to CIV will become infected, and the majority (80%) of infected dogs develop flu-like illness. The mortality (death) rate is low (less than 10%).

The spread of CIV can be reduced by isolating ill dogs as well as those who are known to have been exposed to an infected dog and those showing signs of respiratory illness. Good hygiene and sanitation, including hand washing and thorough cleaning of shared items and kennels, also reduce the spread of CIV. Influenza viruses do not usually survive in the environment beyond 48 hours and are inactivated or killed by commonly used disinfectants.

There are vaccines against the H3N8 strain of canine influenza, which was first discovered in 2004 and until 2015 was the only strain of canine influenza found in the United States. However, a 2015 outbreak of canine influenza in Chicago was traced to the H3N2 strain – the first reporting of this strain outside of Asia – and it is not known whether the H3N8 vaccine provides any protection against this strain. Used against H3N8, the vaccines may not completely prevent infection, but appear to reduce the severity and duration of the illness, as well as the length of time when an infected dog may shed the virus in its respiratory secretions and the amount of virus shed – making them less contagious to other dogs.

The CIV vaccination is a “lifestyle” vaccination, recommended for dogs at risk of exposure due to their increased exposure to other dogs – such as boarding, attending social events with dogs present, and visiting dog parks.
Additional Resources:

https://www.avma.org/public/PetCare/Pages/CanineInfluenza.aspx#.VZPSJLlc9iI.facebook

Frequently Asked Questions (for pet owners)

Canine Influenza reference page (for veterinarians)

H3N2 Frequently Asked Questions (Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine)

 

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